Gare de Saint-Exupéry TGV (formerly Gare de Satolas) is a railway station in the vicinity of Lyon, France, immediately attached to Lyon-Saint Exupéry Airport. The station was an addition to the airport crafted to serve TGV trains on the LGV Rhône-Alpes, aspect of the major line working from Paris to Marseille. It is situated about twenty km east of Lyon metropolis centre.
Saint-Exupéry station was built by Santiago Calatrava, expense 750 million Francs and opened on three July 1994, at the identical as the superior velocity line to Saint-Marcel-lès-Valence. The setting up is mainly a mix of concrete and metal.
Made by Santiago Calatrava.
Architect, artist, and engineer Santiago Calatrava was born on July 28, 1951, in Valencia, Spain. His history was eclectic. Calatrava is an aristocratic identify, handed down from a medieval order of knights. The family on both of those sides was engaged in the agricultural export small business, which gave them an worldwide outlook that was scarce for the duration of the Franco dictatorship.
Calatrava attended key and secondary college in Valencia. From the age of eight, he also attended the Arts and Crafts University, wherever he began his official instruction in drawing and painting. When he was thirteen, his family took edge of the modern opening of the borders and sent him to Paris as an trade scholar. He afterwards traveled and researched in Switzerland as effectively. Upon completing superior college in Valencia, he went to Paris with the intention of enrolling in the Ecole des Beaux-Arts but since he arrived in June 1968, he discovered his strategy was unworkable. He returned to Valencia and enrolled in the Escuela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura, a somewhat new establishment, wherever he earned a diploma in architecture and took a article-graduate system in urbanism. Although at the college, he also undertook unbiased assignments with a team of fellow students, developing two books on the vernacular architecture of Valencia and Ibiza.
Captivated by the mathematical rigor of specific wonderful functions of historic architecture, and experience that his schooling in Valencia experienced given him no obvious route, Calatrava resolved to pursue article-graduate research in civil engineering and enrolled in 1975 at the ETH (Federal Institute of Technological innovation) in Zurich. He gained his Ph.D. in 1979. It was for the duration of this interval that he achieved and married his spouse, who was a law scholar in Zurich.
Just after completing his research, Calatrava took a posture as an assistant at the ETH and began to acknowledge small engineering commissions, these as coming up with the roof for a library or the balcony of a private residence. He also began to enter competitions, believing this was his most probably way to secure commissions. His initial profitable competition proposal, in 1983, was for the style and design and building of Stadelhofen Railway Station in Zurich, the metropolis in which he set up his workplace.
In 1984, Calatrava, built and build the Bach de Roda Bridge, commissioned for the Olympic Online games in Barcelona. This was the starting of the bridge assignments that set up his worldwide popularity. Amid the other notable bridges that followed have been the Alamillo Bridge and viaduct, commissioned for the World’s Fair in Seville (1987-92) Campo Volantin Footbridge in Bilbao (1990-97) and Alameda Bridge and underground station in Valencia (1991-95).
Calatrava set up his firm’s second workplace, in Paris, in 1989, when he was functioning on the Lyon Airport Station (1989-ninety four). He opened his 3rd workplace, in Valencia, in 1991 to facilitate do the job on a competition, a pretty massive cultural intricate and city intervention, the City of Arts and Sciences, Valencia (ongoing). Other massive-scale community assignments from the late nineteen eighties by means of the mid-1990s incorporate the BCE Put mall in Toronto (1987-92) the Oriente railway station in Lisbon (1993-98, commissioned for Expo ’98) and the profitable proposal in the style and design competition to entire the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City (1991), a project that has not been understood.
Exhibitions of Calatrava’s do the job have been initial mounted in 1985, with a showing of 9 sculptures in an artwork gallery in Zurich. A new phase in recognition was marked by two solo exhibitions: a retrospective at the Royal Institute of British Architects, London, in 1992, and the exhibition Structure and Expression at The Museum of Modern-day Art, New York, in 1993. The latter exhibition bundled an set up in the museum’s Sculpture Garden of Shadow Machine, a massive-scale sculpture with undulating concrete “fingers.” The most entire exhibition nonetheless mounted of his do the job was Santiago Calatrava: Artist, Architect, Engineer, offered at the Palazzo Strozzi in Florence, Italy (2000- 2001). Very similar exhibitions have been mounted in 2001 in Dallas, Texas (to inaugurate the new Meadows Museum) and in Athens, at the Nationwide Gallery, Alexandro Soutzos Museum.
Main assignments that have been lately inaugurated incorporate Sondica Airport, Bilbao (2000) The Bridge of Europe, Orléans, France (2000) the Bodegas Ysios vineyard in Laguardia, Spain (2001) Calatrava’s initial setting up in the United States, the acclaimed enlargement of the Milwaukee Art Museum (2001) Blackhall Put Bridge, Dublin, Eire (2003) and the Tenerife Opera House, Santa Cruz, Canary Islands (2003). Amid the assignments that are now coming to completion are Petach Tikvah Bridge, Tel Aviv, Israel (spring 2003) Quatro Ponte sul Canal Grande, Venice, Italy (early 2004) Turtle Bay Bridge, Redding, California (summertime 2004) the Athens Olympic Sports Sophisticated (summertime 2004) and the Valencia Opera House (2004), the very last important setting up in his City of Arts and Sciences.
Amid his important modern commissions, Calatrava has been chosen to style and design Christ the Light Cathedral for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland, California and Symphony Center for the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra in Atlanta, Georgia.
Honors and awards given to Santiago Calatrava incorporate the Gold Medal of the Institute of Structural Engineers, London the City of Toronto City Design and style Award designation as a World wide Leader for Tomorrow by the Environment Economic Forum in Davos the Creu Sant Jordi, Barcelona the Gold Medal for Merit in the Good Arts, Ministry of Tradition, Spain membership in Les Arts et Lettres, Paris the Algur H. Meadows Award for Excellence in the Arts (Meadows University of the Arts) the Gold Medal of the Circulo de Bellas Artes, Valencia Time Magazine’s “Best of 2001” designation for the enlargement of the Milwaukee Art Museum the Sir Misha Black Medal, Royal School of Art, London the Leonardo da Vinci Medal, Société pour la Development des Ingénieurs and the Principe de Asturias Art Prize the Gold Medal of Architecture of L’ Académie d’Architecture, Paris the European Metal Design and style Award for the Roof of the College of Zurich, the Silver Beam Award of the Swedish Instititute of Metal Design and the Illuminating Design and style Award of Merit of the Illuminating Engineering Modern society of North The us, New York. In addition, Santiago Calatrava has gained twelve honorary doctorates to day.
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